Error bars are supported for 2-d data file plots by reading one to four
additional columns (or using entries); these additional values
are used in different ways by the various errorbar styles.
In the default situation, `gnuplot` expects to see three, four, or
six numbers on each line of the data file--either
(x, y, ydelta),
(x, y, ylow, yhigh),
(x, y, xdelta),
(x, y, xlow, xhigh),
(x, y, xdelta, ydelta), or
(x, y, xlow, xhigh, ylow, yhigh).
The x coordinate must be specified. The order of the numbers must be
exactly as given above, though the using qualifier can
manipulate the order and provide values for missing columns. For
plot 'file' with errorbars
plot 'file' using 1:2:(sqrt($1)) with xerrorbars
plot 'file' using 1:2:($1-$3):($1+$3):4:5 with xyerrorbars
The last example is for a file containing an unsupported combination
of relative x and absolute y errors. The using entry generates
absolute x min and max from the relative error.
The y error bar is a vertical line plotted from (x, ylow) to (x,
yhigh). If ydelta is specified instead of ylow and yhigh, ylow = y -
ydelta and yhigh = y + ydelta are derived. If there are only two
numbers on the record, yhigh and ylow are both set to y. The x error
bar is a horizontal line computed in the same fashion. To get lines
plotted between the data points, `plot` the data file twice, once with
errorbars and once with lines (but remember to use the `notitle` option
on one to avoid two entries in the key). Alternately, use the
errorlines command (see errorlines).
The error bars have crossbars at each end unless bars is used
(see bars for details).
If autoscaling is on, the ranges will be adjusted to include the
error bars. See also errorbar demos.
See using, with, and style for more
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